Sermon/Passage Outline: Luke 11:1-13

“Prayer with Assurance”

Luke 11:1-13

 Have you ever tried saying something important to someone close who wasn’t really listening?

  1. Feelings invoked and sometimes not want to try anymore (perhaps switch to a diff topic).
  2. Does God listen? Does He really have our best interest in mind? What should we say?

Proposition- God wants us to know:

  1. How we should pray
  2. Why we should pray

So, we can have assurance that because we are close to Him, He does listen and will answer us

Context- Interwoven to preserve narrative flow and draw audience into story

  1. I.               How Should We Pray to our Father? (1-4)
  2. A.    The disciples ask Jesus about how they should pray (1)

                        1. They are looking for a distinctive prayer just as other Jewish groups, including John the Baptist, had and that will set them apart as Jesus’ disciples (Marshal, 456).

  1. B.    Jesus sets a pattern for all uniquely Christian prayer that together we can pray (2):
    1. Jesus begins and ends His prayer with “Father” which sets the tone for whole passage
      1. Uniqueness:
        1. The Jews also referred to God as Father, but not “our” or “my” Father, which is a more close and intimate expression (Marshal 456).
        2. “Far from being a title that all people may use for God, the Gospels teach that only the believer has he right and privilege” (Dockery, 324).
        3. Communal Nature: This is a prayer we all pray together (you pl).
        4. “Daddy”?  “Father” is more appropriate since this was not only a term small children used, but adults as well; yet this is still very intimate (Dockery, 324).

Illustration: People are usually required to call adults with a title (Mr./Ms.) and last name, children (and adults) who are adopted don’t use these because they are now uniquely part of the family (dad/mom).

Application: If we are part of God’s family, we can also call Him “Father” knowing we are set apart from the world (contrast with post-modern thought).

  1. A Desire for His will on a cosmic scale: looking toward a consummated kingdom
    1. “Hollowed be your name”
      1. A desire for all people to recognize God for the good and perfect God He is, rather than sinning or speaking poorly of Him.
      2. Worshipful awe (Jews would not even say name of God).
      3. “Your kingdom come” Asking God to set up His rule on earth

a. “Qaddish” prayer vs. Luke’s “Already Not Yet” (Nolland, 614).

b. Looking towards the end of Satan’s rule

Application: Do we revere God’s name? Do we have God’s current and future kingdom in mind when we pray or are we consumed with our problems? Can we see what God is doing and what He will do?

C. We are to ask God to provide for our daily needs (3)

                        1. The “bread” stands for our every day needs and what we need to survive.

2. This is a request for God to keep providing everyday, specifically for today.

3. Recognition of total dependency on God.

Illustration: The Israelites were provided for and had to trust God day by day for food (manna).

Application: We must rely on God for our day-to-day needs. Not continually worrying (Mtt 6; Lk 8,10).

            D. Forgiveness and Temptation (4)

                        1. Forgiveness

A. We are to continually ask God for forgiveness

a. We do not keep asking for forgiveness in order to keep getting salvation, this probably has to do with our sanctification as in 1 John 1:9; also Heb 10 (Dockery, 326).

b. Matt has in his version of the prayer “debts” and Luke mentions later.

Illustration: Difference between a courtroom and family situation.

Application: Continually bring sins before God with confidence in your Father.

B. There is a connection between being forgiven and forgiving others.

a. This passage is not saying you are saved by forgiving others or works.

b. You are saved by grace through faith and this faith is not just intellectual, but is expressed in action (Romans and James); our attitude is one where we have been forgiven of so much and cannot imagine not forgiving others.

c. However, the passage does seem to be implying that not forgiving others hurts your relationship with God and can hinder your prayer for forgiveness (Marshall, 461).

Illustration: Parable in Mtt 18:21-35 about the two who owed debts and the other did not forgive.

Application:  In the ancient world, debtors became slaves, but with Jesus and, by extension each of us to one another, payback is not to be demanded: live out your adoption. Act like the Father.

2. Temptation

A. What sort? Anything that leads us away from God (inward and outward).

B. Not that we will never be tempted but won’t give in to it (Marshall, 461-2) and can stand up under overwhelming pressure (Nolland, 619).

C. God doesn’t cause temptation (causal) James 1:13, but allows (permissive) (Dockery 327).

Illustration: Adam and Eve’s sin (Contrast Christian vs. Mormon version where God sets up failure) to communicate God does not cause temptation or failure, but allows it.

Application: Ask God to sustain you when you are tempted.

  1. II.             Why We Should Pray: God Answers Prayer (5-8)

The big idea: “How much more” God than man? Consider even the Sleeper.

  1. A.    The “Situation” (5-6)
    1. “Can you imagine?” The question is “challenging the hearer to a judgment about” the situation, expecting a “no” to the initial response of the neighbor (Fitzmyer, 911).
    2. The Details
      1. Bread is what is needed and is what holds the meal together (dip the bread) and three loaves is more than enough, but reflects the expected hospitality (a broken loaf would be an insult).
      2. Midnight is quite late (consider the absence of electricity), but people traveled at night to avoid the heat.
      3. The traveler arrives unexpectedly, but culture demands hospitality from the whole village (honor/shame) even though shops are closed, and regardless of whether the traveler is actually hungry (Bailey, 122-123).
      4. “A stranger knocks at night; a friend calls” (Bailey, 128).
  2. B.    The Absurdity of the Situation (7)
    1. Eastern hospitality was legendary and a supreme priority.
    2. The excuses from the friend are humorous up against communal responsibility.
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One thought on “Sermon/Passage Outline: Luke 11:1-13

  1. Pingback: Sunday Sermon: Pray Without Ceasing | Le padre ver livre

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